ASTM testing

ASTM Testing 1

ASTM Testing 2


This test device simulates how products and packaging behave during the transport.

Now a day in our society, transport cannot be taken away anymore. The transport conditions depend on many factors, such as: the type of transport, the road, the distance, storage and stacking. All these factors have an influence on the product. We have to protect the products as good as possible and ensure that they will not be damaged or less. An expert guidance allows you to safe 10 to 30%, this already on your packaging, transportation and eventual damages, if you currently have no transport demands.

During transport by aircraft, ship and during long truck journeys, packaging have the chance of damage caused by stacking, pressure, humidity, brake movement and vibrations. This damage is not always visible on the outside of the product. Products, such as electronic equipment, are particularly vulnerable. At Technicas, products and their packaging can be tested before they are transported. Such a pretest minimizes any risks and may even be a cost advantage.

Test possibility

The new vibration table has multiple test capabilities and a frequency range up to 300 Hertz. With a possible test weight up to 1300 kilo and a table surface of 2.25 m², packaging and even entire pallet loads can be submitted to different vibration tests. The Lansmont vibration table simulates vibrations which can occur during transport itinerary. The test device has a function for constant vibrations (loose load vibration), where the test object is blazed on a regular basis of the vibration table. This is an example of imitating the vibrations during a transport on a bad road. This test is also compulsory from 1 January 2011 on for the transport of dangerous goods in IBC's. See (*)

The vibration table has in addition a function to perform random vibrations. The test object will be subject to several frequencies of vibrations which are repeated on a random basis. By this way a variety of situations during transport are simulated.
This labo test gives you a reliable and respective alternative to the so-called transport test which companies do themselves. At the end of the journey, the product and/or the packaging is then examined on eventual damage. This is often a cumbersome, expensive and rather unreliable way of testing. The results of a so-called "identical" transportation test, differs from each other. A transport is, of course, depending on the driver, driver's behavior, running speed, weather conditions, traffic volume, (final) controls, and so on.

A transport simulation in our laboratory is on average 50% cheaper than a transport test, always identical and much faster to be realized. There is also the possibility of registering an "on the field" transport route and to simulate this afterwards on the new vibration table.

With the data recorder, the exact transport parameters can be registered. The data recorder can be attached at the bottom of a pallet, packaged with the goods, or be fixed directly on the means of transport. It will then register, among other things, vibration and shock levels and the time at which they appear.

A transport process will be measured once or more times. The data from the data recorder will be used after analysis and operation for the control of the vibration table. The transport can then easily and accurately be simulated, time and time again. This makes it possible to investigate in a simple and reliable way on the packaging and the products and compare the results.

The new vibration table is also equipped with a automatic sweep generator. In this mode, the vibration table may be accelerated from 0 to 8g. Optimizations or improvements of existing packaging and products in a controlled manner can be easily implemented and tested against the measured transport.

In the absence of measurements, reference can be made to ASTM-, IEC-, ISO- and other standards. Transport simulations make it possible to develop new packaging and products which are guaranteed to arrive undamaged or with an accepted included damage at the place of destination.

Technicas carries out tests based on international standards

ASTM D 4169

Performance testing of shipping containers

ASTM D 999

Standard methods for vibration testing of shipping containers

ASTM D 4728

Standard test method for random vibration testing of shipping containers

ASTM D 5276

Standard test method for drop test of loaded containers by free fall

ASTM D 6179

Standard test method for rough handling of unitized loads and large shipping cases an crates.

ISTA series

No damage boundary curves

ISO 4180

Complete filled transport packages

ISO 2244

Horizontal impact tests

ISO 2247

Vibration test at fixed low frequency

ISO 2248

Vertical impact test by dropping

ISO 8318

Vibration tests using a sinusoidal variable frequency

UN-D 1400

Complete, filled transport packages

Below, an overview of possible tests

For the transport of dangerous goods in IBC's (Intermediate Bulk Container) a vibration test is mandatory from 2011 on. The test applies to design types for IBC's manufactured after 31 December 2010. The IBC shall be placed in the center of the platform of the test device with a vertical sinusoidal, double amplitude (peak to peak displacement) of 25mm ± 5 %.

The test must be carried out for one hour at a frequency allowing a portion of the base of the IBC, this during a part of each cycle, slightly to be lifted from the vibrating platform. This allows that a metal plate on at least one full point between the IBC and the vibrating platform can be scrolled.

It may be necessary to adjust the initial frequency in order to prevent the package in resonance. Even then, the test frequency must however, as described in this paragraph, allow that a metal plate can be placed. The enduring possibility of scrolling a metal plate between the tested packaging is essential for the success of the test

The metal plate used in the implementation of this test must have a thickness of at least 1,6 mm, a width of at least 50 mm and of a sufficient length to allow at least 100 mm between the IBC and the platform can be inserted.